1 : very much : a lot
It's substantially [=considerably] less expensive to buy a used car than a new car.
A new car costs substantially more than a used car.
Costs have increased substantially [=significantly] in recent years.
2 a : in a general or basic way
The methods are substantially [=essentially] the same.
b : almost completely : mostly
There are still a few details to wrap up, but the project is substantially complete.