We are discussing the difference between two confusing words, shade and shadow, with our group. Could you please help us? They look very similar. Thanks in advance. — Art, Belarus
Shade can refer to any dark area in which sunlight or other bright light is blocked. Shadow refers to the dark shape that appears on a surface when an object blocks sunlight or other light.
Usually, when you use the word shade, you are talking about a somewhat large area of darkness, and the object blocking the light is not so important, or the shape of the shady area is not so important. Below are some examples of how it is used.
We had lunch at the park under the shade of a big tree.
It was very hot outside so the boy found a place to rest in the shade.
The woman sat in the shade for a while after spending the morning working in her garden.
Usually when you use the word shadow, you are talking about the specific area of darkness and often you are also talking about the person or object creating the darkness. Sometimes you are talking about the exact shape of the darkness too. Below are some examples of how it is used.
The children enjoyed watching their shadows dancing on the sidewalk.
We made shadows on the wall in the shape of animals using our hands.
She saw the man's shadow coming around the corner before she saw him.
The nightlight created many shadows on the bedroom walls.
Sometimes the word shadow is used in a figurative or nonliteral way to describe one person’s power or reputation as stronger than someone else’s and make the other person seem less important or less impressive. It is also used to talk about an unhappy or gloomy situation. Below are some examples of how it is used in these ways.
He lived in his brother's shadow, always feeling second best.
They worked under the shadow of their boss, afraid to make mistakes for fear of punishment.
The bad news cast a shadow on the party, and soon people started going home.
The loss of his childhood pet left a shadow over his heart.
For more uses and example sentences, visit the entries for shade and shadow in the Learner's Dictionary. I hope this helps.